...Buddhism for Urban America
Urban Dharma Newsletter... December 30, 2003
This Issue: Buddhist New Year
Buddhist New Year ...Author:
2. Gonging in the New Year at a Buddhist Temple ...The Chosun
3. Cambodian New Year ...Author: Kathy Moss
4. Why celebrate New Year's only once a year?
5. Temple/Center/Website- of the Week: EXPERIENCING
SOUTHEAST ASIA IN THE DELAWARE VALLEY
6. Book/CD/Movie Review: e-Book - Benedict's Dharma
2 in a Text Only Version - PDF (425 KB)
Buddhist New Year ...Author: Yeshe Chodon
do we do every year, be we Jodo Shinshu Buddhists,-- the local
Jodo Shinshu group informs us that this is the year 2487 according
to the Buddhist Calendar and the year of Horse -- Mahayana or
any other …yana Buddhists, Jews, Christians, Muslims or
Hindus? We “reflect upon and correct our past mistakes
and look forward to a better life in the new year. Reflection,
hope and resolution are some of the basic elements of an active
religious life.” That quote is lifted from http://shinmission_sg.tripod.com/honganm...
Religious Observances in Jodo Shinshu, but it
is a universal statement about the meaning of New Year’s
for any of us who are looking to experience more than loud noise
and stumbling drunks this holiday. Any religious observation
around this time will include reflection, formulation of resolutions,
and ceremonies to invoke higher energies to strengthen our resolves
and to carry the work into higher spheres.
in general terms, Buddhist New Year is more like any other New
Year than it is different. However, within Buddhism, because
this religion covers so many countries and exists amid so many
host cultural traditions, there is an amazing diversity in the
timing of the New Year and in the observances. The Buddhist
Calendar is calculated differently in various parts of the world.
Visit http://www.dailyglobe.com/buddha.html The
Daily Globe Buddhist Calendar for a thorough and lucid
explanation. A sample:
most common type of Buddhist calendar is lunar and begins roughly
in December or January of the Gregorian calendar. Each month
is approximately 29 or 30 days, depending upon the length of
the each moon. In essence the Buddhist calendar is similar to
the Hindu calendar but uses a different moon to begin the New
Year. Every few years an extra intercalary or leap day is added
after the 7th Month. Occassionally, an extra month is added
there as well. Because of this system, it is often quite difficult
to predict when Buddhist holidays will be celebrated from year
to year. Most areas simply use numbers for the months, an exception
being Sri Lanka which has its own names.
Buddhists begin the New Year on a solar basis calculated upon
the zodiac from the point at which the sun enters Aries, which
is often between April 13-18. Some Buddhists use the Gregorian
calendar. Mayahana Buddhists celebrate Buddha's birth, enlightenment,
and death according to the Gregorian calendar.
website includes a chart of Buddhist holidays and their dates
We're just getting started. Here are a few other tidbits about
the timing of the new year in different parts of the Buddhist
informs us that Thailand celebrates new years on Jan. 1. But
at http://critters.www4.50megs.com/holiday/... Origins
of New Years Festival, we are told:
indigenous and Hindu influences are prominent in Southeast Asian
festivals. In Thailand, Trut, or New Year (March/April), is
of a mixed character. Buddhist monks exorcise ghosts from the
vicinity and are presented with gifts. Oblations are made to
various gods of Hindu origin. As people meet, water is playfully
thrown by one on the other. Gambling, usually frowned upon,
is permitted for the three-day festival.
for India, the variation in timing and observance is even greater:
Eastern New Year festivals retain a distinctly religious character.
In Dravidian southern India, the Tamil New Year is celebrated
at winter solstice with the three-day Pongal festival, marked
by religious pilgrimages and the ritual boiling of new rice.
In Bangladesh the New Year is marked by the worship of the Ganges.
a Buddhist living in these regions would have several choices
of celebrations, and would possibly celebrate both their own
religious holidays and the regional cultural holidays, even
as Jews celebrate Christmas in the USA.
New Year is celebrated officially for a month beginning in late
January or early February. It is preceded by an expulsion of
demons and by theatrical performances. Offerings are made to
gods of hearth and wealth and to ancestors. Tibetans observe
the New Year in February with feasting, visiting, and a relaxation
of monastic discipline.
Worshipping and celebrating with Southeast Asians
gives information about some Buddhist traditions currently followed
in the USA:
most visible Southeast Asian celebrations in the Philadelphia
area focus on the New Year. The Vietnamese follow the Chinese
in celebrating the New Year on the second new moon after the
winter solstice, which generally occurs in late January or early
February. Several of the local Vietnamese restaurants have special
New Year's dinners; even some of the Atlantic City casinos have
Vietnamese New Year's events (aimed at a Vietnamese clientele;
the ads are only in Vietnamese). Laotians and Cambodians use
a Buddhist calendar that generally places New Year's in April.
The Hmong generally celebrate New Year's in late December. The
Balinese have a 210 day year, with New Year's occuring every
thirty weeks, so New Year's occurs at a different time each
year--and it is possible for two Balinese new years to occur
within one of our calendar years!
you really want to nail down all these calendars, visit http://www.ecben.net/calendar.shtml
When do you want to go today? This award-winning
site gives all the major religions and calendars and tons more,
most in handy chart form.
those who particularly love this holiday (referred to as “revelers”
in the media), why not endure the security checks, hop a few
jetliners and chase the holiday across the meridians? Maybe
that will be my resolution next year, instead of the tired old
“clean up my diet” which never seems to happen.
Gonging in the New Year at a Buddhist Temple
...The Chosun Ilbo, Dec 27, 2003
South Korea -- Twelve temples nationwide, including Suncheon's
Songgwang-sa Temple, are hosting temple stays for the New Year.
Magok-sa Temple, in Kongju, is holding a special mediation session
to bring in the New Year, while at the Uisang-dae Pavilion of
Yangyang's Naksan-sa Temple, one can take in the first sunrise
of the year over the East Sea.
the temples have various programs planned to ring in the New
Year, including temple bell-tolling, meals, lantern festivals,
meditation sessions, tea and candle ceremonies, releasing balloons
and writing down wishes.
Golgol-sa Temple, you can greet the New Year in front of the
tomb of King Munmu the Great and practice the Korean martial
art of Seonmu-do. For specific information, visit their homepage
Cambodian New Year ...Author: Kathy Moss
Cambodia is a country located in South-East Asia. On some maps
it is referred to by its former name, Kampuchea (kam-poo-CHEE-uh).
It is mostly flat land with a few mountains on the southern
border. Some of the countries surrounding Cambodia are Thailand,
Laos, Vietnam, and Malaysia. The capital of Cambodia is Phnom
Penh (puh NAWM pen). Khmer (cah'MY) is the official language.
The population is 7.1 million people.
has undergone conflict and invasions for several years. Because
of these wars, hundreds of thousands of educated people have
fled the country to find safety. With the loss of so many skilled
workers the country has been weakened. As a result of this loss
Cambodia is very poor.
is a way of life in Cambodia. There are many small farms and
plantations. Many farmers harvest rice. Cambodia is also one
of the major world producers and exporters of rubber.
people of Cambodia are concerned about the well-being of others.
Helping one another is a custom of the South-East Asian people.
main religion of Cambodia is Buddhism. With this religion comes
the belief that one can be freed from the pain and suffering
of the world through righteous thinking and living. Buddhists
believe that a person's life in the hereafter will be better
if they fill their present life with good conduct and good deeds.
The Buddhist monks teach them how to live a moral life and aid
them in understanding the teachings of Buddha. Cambodian families
often go to the Temple to pray to Buddha. Many families have
small altars in their homes where they can pray to Buddha and
Cambodian New Year is one of the major celebrations in the Cambodian
culture. It is based on the lunar calendar, and is celebrated
in mid-April, which is the first month of the year in Cambodia.
This time of year also represents the end of the harvest. It
is a time for farmers to enjoy the fruits of their harvest and
relax before the rainy season begins. An astrologer determines
the exact date for which the celebration will be held.
celebration lasts for three days. During this time several people
take work off to commemorate the new year. They spend time visiting
family and friends, as well as the Buddhist pagodas. The Buddhist
religion plays a major role in many of the celebrations activates.
New Year is a celebration that is prepared for long in advance.
Part of this preparation includes the cleaning of their homes.
The people clean them thoroughly to rid them of any unclean
spirits. They also buy silk to make new clothes. The men and
boys wear black pants with white rounded-neck shirts, while
the women and girls wear skirts with colorful, decorated robes.
The clean house and new clothes represent a new beginning.
celebration lasts for three days. Each day has a name and activities
attached. Day one is called Maha Sahgkrant (MOH-hah sahng KRAHN).
It is the entry into the New Year, signaled by the drum or bell
of the Buddhist temple. With the sounding, it is believed that
the New Angel arrives. Throughout the day the people participate
in ceremonies and games. One of these activities is the building
of a small sand "mountain." Each piece of sand that
is added is believed to produce more health and happiness in
their lives. The people bring food for the monks and pray with
them. There is a feast of traditional foods such as peanut curries,
noodles and tree mushrooms.
second day is Vana Bat. It is a time for more praying. This
day is a day to show consideration to elders. Parents, grandparents,
and teachers are given gifts from children out of respect. It
is also a time to serve. Cambodians offer charity to the less
fortunate, participate in service activities, and forgive others
of misdeeds that may have been done to them. The people continue
to add to their sand mountain.
final day is called Loeung Sack. On this day the monks bless
the sand mountain. This is also the day for the cleansing of
the Buddha statues. The people wash their statues with perfumed
water. It is thought to be a kind deed that will bring good
luck, long life and happiness. The bathing also symbolizes hope
for sufficient rainfall for the rice harvest.
Cambodian New Year is observed in other countries, including
the United States, by many Cambodian immigrants. In the United
States the celebration only lasts for two days. Many of the
same ceremonies and activities are planned for and participated
in. This allows for those who fled their country to remember
their culture and share it with their children.
Why celebrate New Year's only once a year?
possible to celebrate New Year's every month of the year (101
New Year's Days each year!). Celebrate Sekhmet in January, Chinese
New Year in January or February, Noruz in March, Baisakhi in
April, Buddhist New Year in May, Runic New Year in June, Armenian
New Year in July, Shenshai New Year in August, Rosh Hashanah
in September, Samhain in October, Dipavali in November, and
Papal States New Year in December. Please note that the New
Year's listed below are for 2002. Many New Year's Days,
especially religious ones such as the Chinese, Jewish, and Muslim,
change from year to year. We have tried to be as accurate as
possible. If you find any discrepancies, please email the International
Special Events Registry.
requires we celebrate New Year's only once a year. Indeed, before
1752, Americans celebrated New Year's Day on March 25th (Lady
Day according to the old Celtic religion and the Feast of the
Annunciation according to the Christian religion). Great Britain
and its colonies changed their New Year's celebrations to January
1st when they changed from the old Julian calendar to the Gregorian
calendar in 1751.
more information on other special events throughout the year
— New Year’s Day — The world's most widely
celebrated holiday, New Years was set on January 1 by Julius
Caesar because that was the date the Roman consuls took over
— Japanese New Year's Day — Also known as Gantan-sai
or Oshogatsu, this Shinto holiday celebrates the new year with
prayers for renewal, good health, and prosperity.
— Happy Mew Year for Cats Day — I found this celebration
in a veterinarian's calendar.
— Egyptian New Year’s Day (Sekhmet)
— Mahayana Buddhist New Year — In Mahayana Buddhist
countries, the new year starts on the first full moon day in
January. Web: http://www.buddhanet.net/festival.htm.
— Druidic New Year
— Old Scottish New Year — On the old Scottish New
Year, Scots celebrate the Burning of the Clavie (a tar-filled
barrel). This burning is symbolic of purification. For details:
— Age of Enlightenment New Year's Day — In 1985,
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi announced the Dawn of the Age of Enlightenment.
This day is now celebrated as the New Year's Day for the Age
— Hen Galan New Year's Day — For the 200 inhabitants
of Gwaun Valley, near Fishguard, Dyfed in Wales, the new year
does not begin until January 12th because they've stuck with
the Julian calendar and did not give up the 11 days lost when
the rest of Great Britain switched to the Gregorian calendar
in 1752. They call their New Year's Day Hen Galan.
— Eastern Orthodox New Year's Day — Some Eastern
Orthodox churches, such as the Russian Orthodox church, celebrate
New Year's Day on this date (which is the new year for the Julian
calendar as of this year).
— Julian Calendar New Year — The Roman Era year
of 2756 begins on January 14, 2004. During the 20th and 21st
centuries, this is the New Year's Day (January 1st) for the
Julian calendar. Some Eastern Orthodox churches still celebrate
New Year's on this day. Web: http://serendipity.magnet.ch/hermetic/calstud/calart.htm.
— Procrastinator’s New Year — If you are a
procrastinator, you should be getting around to celebrating
the new year today. Do it today. Or tomorrow. No hurry.
— Celtic New Year — Today is the first day of the
month of Luis (Rowan) in the Celtic Tree Calendar.
— Chinese New Year (Sun Nin) — The Chinese New Year
of 4639 (in 2002) is celebrated at sunset on the day of the
new moon in the sign of Aquarius. Web: http://www.hkta.org/cny.
— Korean New Year (Sol-Nal) — The Lunar New Year
is celebrated at sunset on the day of the second new moon after
the winter solstice. The Koreans celebrate this new eyar day
as Sol-Nal, the most important of their annual holidays.
— Lunar New Year — The Lunar New Year is celebrated
at sunset on the day of the new moon in the sign of Aquarius.
— Tibetan New Year (Losar) — Losar, the Tibetan
New Year, is held at the same time as the Chinese New Year and
Lunar New Year. Note: Some Tibetans celebrate their New Year
a month later as Ugyen Thinley Dorje. The Karmapa Lama of Tibetan
Buddhism, led prayers to mark the new year.
— Vietnamese New Year (Tet) — On the day of the
lunar new year, the Vietnamese people celebrate the most important
holiday of their year. They believe that what happens during
the coming year is established by what happens during the first
three days of the year.
— Bombadier New Years Day — The Canadian aviation
company Bombadier begins its new fiscal year on February 1st.
— Dell New Years Day — Dell Computers begins its
new fiscal year on February 1st.
— Retailers New Years Day — Many retailers begin
their fiscal new year on February 1st, including Staples, Toys
‘R’ Us, Gap, Federated Department Stores, May Department
Stores, Home Depot, Target, Albertson's, J.C. Penney, Kmart,
Wal-Mart, and Lowe's.
— Setsubun (Bean Throwing Festival) — According
to the Japanese lunar/solar calendar, this festival marks the
last day of winter. As such, it is often referred to as New
Year's Eve (even though it rarely coincides with the Lunar New
Year since it is officially held on the day before the Japanese
spring). People crowd the temples to throw beans to drive away
imaginary devils, shouting “Fortune in, devils out!”
— Tu B'Shevat (New Year of Trees) — The Jewish Arbor
Day or New Year of Trees (one of four Mishnaic new year's feasts)
was originally the time to set the tithe for fruit trees. It
now allows us to show respect to trees and other plants, celebrate
our connection to the environment, and appreciate the fruits
of the land. It is celebrated on the 15th day of Shevat in the
Hebrew calendar (although it was once set for the 1st of Shevat).
Plant a tree or eat a piece of fruit on this day. Web: http://www.jewfaq.org/holiday8.htm
— Aeon Fiscal New Year — The Japanese company Aeon
begins its new fiscal year on February 21st.
— Tibetan New Year (Ugyen Thinley Dorje) — Some
Tibetans celebrate their New Year a month later than the Lunar
New Year as Ugyen Thinley Dorje. The Karmapa Lama of Tibetan
Buddhism, led prayers to mark the new year.
— Islamic New Year (Muharram) — At sundown, year
1425 of the Islamic Era begins. The first day of Muharram commemorates
Prophet Muhammad's flight from Mecca to Medina (the Hegira or
Hijra), the first major event in the development of Islam. This
date varies from year to year.
— Best Buy New Years Day — Best Buy, the electronics
retailer, begins its fiscal new year on March 1st.
— Outpost.com New Year Day — Outpost.com, the online
electronics retailer, begins its fiscal new year on March 1st.
Happy New Year!
— Roman New Year — The Festival of Mars, aka Feriae
Marti, honored Mars, the Roman god of war. It was also the New
Year's Day in the old Roman calendar.
— Sun Rise Day — The world's most northerly village,
Longyearbyen, Norway celebrates the first dawn of the new year
(their New Year's Day). Around noon on this day, they celebrate
their first glimpse of the sun since it sat in October. The
long night of winter is compensated by the midnight sun of summer.
— Sikh New Year Day — The year 2004 is the year
536 in the Sikh Nanakshahi Calendar. It is the first day of
Chet, the first month of the Sikh calendar.
— God's Holyday New Year — According to some Christians,
the true New Year's Day should be celebrated on the first new
moon after the vernal equinox (first day of spring).
— Astrological New Year — The astrological year
begins with the first day of the sign of Aries.
— Baha’i New Year (Naw-Ruz) — The Baha'i new
year is always celebrated on the 21st. 2004 is year 160 in the
— Hindu New Year — The Hindu New Year is on the
day following the new moon on or after the spring equinox. Year
2004 is the year 2061 in this Hindu calendar. Also known as
Bikrami Samvat. Note: Some people celebrate the Hindu New Year
— Persian New Year (Noruz) — The Persian or Iranian
New Year is a national holiday in Iran and some other Middle
East countries. Always held on the spring equinox, 2004 is the
year 1383 in the Persian calendar.
— Telugu New Year’s Day — Also known as Ugadi,
this day is celebrated on the day after the new moon following
the vernal equinox (first day of spring).
— Zoroastrian New Year (Jamshedi) — The Zoroastrian
New Year (Jamshedi) is always on March 21st. The year 2004 is
the year 1374 in the Zoroastrian calendar.
— Indian New Year (Saka) — The official calendar
of the country of India celebrates its new year (1926 in 2004).
— New Year for Kings — In Mishnaic times, the first
of Nissan (the first month of the Hebrew calendar) was celebrated
as the New Year for Kings and festivals. The Mishna also celebrated
three other New Years's: Elul 1 (for animal tithes), Tishrei
1 (for vegetable tithes), and Tu B'Shevat (for tree tithes).
— Old British New Year — Before the Calendar Adjustment
Act of 1751, Great Britain and its U.S. colonies celebrated
New Year’s Day on March 25 because it is Lady Day as well
as the Feast of the Annunciation.
— Old French New Year — The French used to celebrate
the new year on April 1st. April Fool's Day got its name from
people who continued to celebrate New Year's on April 1st even
after the French switched to January 1st.
— Japanese Industrial New Year — Many Japanese industrial
corporations begin their new fiscal year on April 1st, including
Toyota, Mitsubishi, Mitsui, Sony, Matsushita, Nissan, Toshiba,
Isuzu, and Seiko Epson.
— Safeway New Year — Safeway begins its new fiscal
year on April 1st. Don't fool with your food!
— Seleucid Era New Year Day — In 309 B.C., the Seleucid
Era began. Also, on this date in 245 B.C., the Era of Arsaces
— Theravadin Buddhist New Year — The Tharavadin
Buddhists of Thailand, Burma, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, and Lao celebrate
the new year on the first full moon day with three days of celebration.
— Solar New Year (Songkran) — This new year's day
is celebrated in many southeast Asia countries as Baisakhi in
India, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka (or Varushapirapu); Songkran
in Thailand; Boum Pimay or Bun-Pi-Mai-Lao in Laos; Thingyan
in Myanmar; and Bon Chol Chhnam in Cambodia. The exact time
on the 13th or 14th is determined by astrologers. This day marks
the celestial passage of Pisces into Aries, when Thagyamin,
king of the celestials, visits the human world to judge each
person's actions during the past year. This water festival is
celebrated by spraying water on passer-bys and friends.
— Nepali New Year Day — The year 2004 is the year
2060 in the Nepali calendar. The specific time of the New Year
is set by astrologers on the 13th or 14th. Web: http://www.nepalonline.net.
— Sikh New Year Day (Vaisaki) — The year 2004 is
the year 306 in the Sikh calendar. On this day in 1699, Guru
Gobind Singh created the Brotherhood of the Pure.
— Sinhala/Tamil New Year’s Day — Sri Lankans
celebrate their national new year's day (Puththandu in Tamil
and Aluth Avurudhu in Sinhala). The specific time of the New
Year is set by astrologers on the 13th or 14th. The sun moving
from the house of Pisces to the house of Aries signals the dawn
of the new year.
— National Equal Pay Day — Each year, the National
Committee on Pay Equity organizes the national observance of
Equal Pay Day to raise awareness about unfair pay in America.
In 2003, Equal Pay Day will be observed on Tuesday, April 15.
Tuesday is symbolic of the point into the new week that a woman
must work in order to earn the wages paid to a man in the previous
week. In other words, because women on average earn less, they
must work longer for the same pay. In Hawaii, “Happy New
Year” cards were sent out to mark New Year's Day for Working
Women. Web: http://www.feminist.com/fairpay/epd.htm.
— Stoner's New Year — 420 is another name for marijuana.
According to some legends, marijuana is supposed to have 420
different chemicals, plus the Los Angeles, California police
department's code for a drug bust is supposed to be 420. However,
according to Snopes.com, 420 began as slang in 1971 among a
group of high school kids in San Rafael, Caifornia. This day
is also known as Weed Smokers Day; Marijuana Vacation Day, or
National Stoner's Day. Some drug users take a vacation on this
date. If you are using drugs, why not take a vacation from drugs
today? It may be the first day of the rest of your life. A good
— Parsi New Year Day — Celebrated on April 23 (April
22nd on leap years), this is one of the local new years celebrated
in India. Also known as Pateti.
— Babylonian New Year — The Babylonian New Year
begins the Nabonassar Era Year 2752 on April 25th (24th on leap
— Buddhist New Year — Buddha, the enlightened
one, lived in India from 563 BC to 483 BC. Some Buddhist sects
celebrate his birthday on the eighth day of the fourth lunar
month as their New Year’s Day. Also known as Buddha Purnima
or Buddha Jayanti. Note: Some sects now celebrate Buddha's birthday
on April 8th.
— FedEx New Year — Federal Express begins its new
fiscal year on June 1st.
— NFL New Year — The beginning of the fiscal year
for the National Football League.
— Ancient Greek New Year — Some versions of the
ancient Greek calendar celebrated the new year on the summer
— Aymara New Year's Day (Machaj Mara) — Bolivia's
Aymara Indians celebrate their new year's day during the southern
hemisphere's winter solstice. 2004 is year 5012 in their calendar.
They call the new year Machaj Mara. Happy Machaj Mara! Web:
— Neolithic New Year Day — Many neolithic cultures
celebrated the new year on the first day of summer.
— Runic New Year — In the Wicca religion, this day
marks the beginning of Feoh, the half-month of wealth and success.
It is the first month of the runic year. This day is sacred
to Frey and Freyja, the god and goddess of the earth.
— Cake Eaters' New Year — The frozen baked goods
company Sara Lee begins its new fiscal year on July 1st. Enjoy
a great cake today!
— Consumer Products New Year — The consumer products
giant, Procter & Gamble, begins its new fiscal year on July
— Microsoft New Year — Microsoft begins its new
fiscal year on July 1st.
— Sun's Fiscal New Year — Sun Microsystems begins
its new fiscal year on July 1st.
— Armenian New Year — The Armenian Era, an old way
of measuring time, began on July 9, 552.
— Olympic New Year
— Cisco New Year — Cisco Systems begins its new
fiscal year on August 1st.
— Winn-Dixie New Year — Winn-Dixie begins its new
fiscal year on August 1st.
— Malayalam New Year — On the new moon in late August
or early September (the first day of the Hindu month of Bhadon),
the southern Indian state of Kerala celebrates its new year.
— New Year for Animal Tithes — The Mishna sets up
the first day of Elul (Hebrew calendar) as the New Year for
Animal Tithes, essentially the new year for taxes. This holiday
(one of four Mishnaic new years days) has not been celebrated
since the Babylonian diaspora.
— Zoroastrian New Year (Shenshai) — The Zoroastrian
New Year (Shenshai) is always on August 23rd, for those Zoroastrians
who follow the Shenshai calendar.
— Alexandrian New Year — The first day of the month
of Thoth was the beginning of the new year in the Greco-Egyptian
calendar of ancient Alexandria. As the secretary of the Egyptian
gods, Thoth was the god of writing, languages, laws, annals,
calculations, mathematics, scribes, and magicians. He also made
— Costco New Year — The mass market retailer Costco
begins its new fiscal year on September 1st.
— Druggist New Year — The drugstore chain Walgreens
begins its new fiscal year on September 1st.
— Orthodox Christian New Year — This day marks the
new year for some Russian Orthodox Christians. Web: http://www.interfaithcalendar.org.
— Old Russian New Year — In 1699, Peter the Great
ordered the Russian New Year changed from September 1 to January
— School New Year — Traditionally, the new school
year in the U.S. begins on the day after Labor Day.
— African New Year — Approximately every 1,460 years
Sirius, part of the Orion constellation, rises directly behind
the sun. This event, which is traditionally celebrated annually
on September 10th in some African countries, marks the beginning
of the African new year.
— Ethiopian New Years Day — This is a national holiday
in Ethiopia. 2004 is the year 1997 in the Ethiopian calendar.
11th most years, 12th in leap years. Web: http://www.ethiopianembassy.org.
— Coptic New Year — The Diocletian Era, an old way
of measuring the years, begins on September 11th or 12th. Under
this system, 2004 is actually year number 1722. This calendar
measures the Coptic New Year.
— Byzantine New Year — The Byzantine Era year of
7513 begins on September 14, 2004. The Grecian New Year (Selucidae)
also begins on September 14 (year 2316 in 2004).
— Rosh Hashanah (Jewish New Year) — Rosh Hashanah,
which begins on the first day of the Jewish month of Tishri
(Tishrei), is also called the Day of Judgment and Remembrance.
It begins the Ten Days of Penitance. Originally, it was the
day of the creation of man and woman. In Mishnaic times, it
was the new year for years, for release, and for vegetable tithes.
Rosh Hashanah 2004 begins the year 5765 in the Jewish calendar.
— Ancient Egyptian New Year — Some versions of the
ancient Egyptian calendar celebrated the new year on the autumnal
— Disney's New Year — The Walt Disney Company begins
its new fiscal year on October 1st. Happy New Year Mickey, Donald,
— Siemens Fiscal New Year — Siemens and some other
German companies begin their fiscal new year on October 1st.
— U.S. Government Fiscal New Year — The United States
federal government begins its fiscal year on October 1st.
— USPS New Year — The United States Postal Service
begins its new fiscal year on October 1st.
— Moroccan New Year's Day — Web: http://www.mincom.gov.ma.
— Supreme Court New Year's Day — The U.S. Supreme
Court begins its annual term on the first Monday of October.
— Spiritual New Year — Sponsored by Eckankar.
— Druid New Year (Samhain) — This ancient feast
of Sacred Fire celebrated the Druid New Year. It celebrates
the reunion of Morrighan, a Celtic goddess, with Dagda, the
good god. It is also known as the Celtic Feast of the Dead,
the Feast of Souls, or Calan Gaeaf.
— Canadian Banks New Year — Many Canadian banks
begin their new fiscal year on November 1st, including the Royal
Bank of Canada, Toronto-Dominion Bank, Canadian Imperial Bank
of Commerce, and Bank of Nova Scotia.
— Deere New Year — The John Deere company begins
its new fiscal new year on November 1st.
— H-P Fiscal New Year — Hewlett-Packard begins its
new fiscal year on November 1st.
— Hindu New Year (Diwali) — Celebrated at the new
moon in late October or early November, this Festival of Lights
celebrates the return of Lord Rama after a 14-year exile and
his defeat of the evil king Ravana (symbolizing the triumph
of light over darkness). Also known as Hindu Solidarity Day,
Divali, Dipavali, Deepavali, Laxmi Puja, or Mahalakshmi, it
also honors Lakshmi, goddess of good fortune, wealth, and prosperity.
In India, the celebration goes on for a few days before and
after the new year. It is considered by some as one of the Hindu
New Years (sometimes celebrated the day after Diwali as Vikram
— Jain New Year — Celebrated on the day after Diwali,
this is the new year's day for the Jain religion (year 2531
in 2004). It is the day after of the attainment of Moksha by
Mahavir Swami and the day when his chief disciple Gautam Swami
— Liturgical New Year — The season of Advent begins
with the fourth Sunday before Christmas and ends with Christmas
Day. It is a preparation time before the celebration of the
birth of Christ. It is also the beginning of the new liturgical
year for Christians of the West.
— Stockbroker's New Year — Many American financial
instutions and brokerage firms begin their new fiscal year on
December 1st, including Morgan Stanley, Lehman Brothers, and
— Sikkimese New Year — The Sikkimese New Year or
Losoong is celebrated from the first to fifth day of the Lunar
11th month. It is also called Sonam Losar or the Farmer's New
— Papal States New Year — Before 1582, the Papal
States and some other Italian city states celebrated New Year’s
Day on Christmas Day.
EXPERIENCING SOUTHEAST ASIA IN THE DELAWARE VALLEY ... Professor
guide has been prepared by Professor Robert Wood at Rutgers-Camden
for use by students in his Southeast Asian Societies course
and by others who share a fascination with this unique part
of the world. It is illustrated with slides from Professor Wood's
visits to Southeast Asia between 1972 and 1999.
Introduction: Southeast Asia in the Delaware Valley
Tasting the Food of Southeast Asia
Vietnamese and Cambodian Restaurants in the Delaware Valley
Thai Restaurants in the Delaware Valley
Burmese, Malaysia, Singaporean, Filipino & Pan-Asian
Seeing the Artistic Treasures of Southeast Asia
Exploring Southeast Asian Neighborhoods
Couch Potatoing Southeast Asia (videos)
Worshipping and Celebrating with Southeast Asians
Working with Southeast Asian Communities
is the fourth edition of a guide intended to supplement the
Southeast Asian Societies course offered in the Department of
Sociology, Anthropology and Criminal Justice at Rutgers-Camden.
Its purpose is to direct students and other interested people
to the various ways in which the world of Southeast Asia can
be experienced right here in the Delaware Valley. Nothing of
course can replace the experience of traveling to Southeast
Asia itself, but thanks to the influx of Southeast Asian immigrants
over the past two decades, the range of local possibilities
has greatly increased.
Benedict's Dharma 2 in a Text Only Version - PDF (425
text of Benedict's Dharma 2 is now available in a printable/readable
PDF format. You can now save Benedict's Dharma 2 on you
hard drive and read/print it at your convenience.
Dharma 2... Forty Episcopalian men and women from around
the country gathered for this very special "Benedictine
Experience" inspired by the book, "Benedict's Dharma,"
in historic New Harmony, Indiana. Join Sister Mary Margaret
Funk, OSB, executive director of MID (Monastic Inter-religious
Dialogue), Rev. Kusala Bhikshu a Buddhist monk, and Mr. Karl
Peterson a specialist in early Christian music as they guide
participants through a week-long Benedictine Experience.
Urban Dharma Newsletter Archives:
Los Angeles Buddhist-Catholic Dialogue: